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Nanolamellar Materials

The Mn+1AXn  phases, or “MAX” phases, are nano-laminates, where M is an early transition metal, A belongs to groups 13-16, and X is either C or N. They were discovered some decades ago. In the research line Nanolamellar Materials, we grow single crystals of MAX phases using high temperature solution growth [1] and determine their physical properties, focusing on the anisotropies expected from their nano-lamellar structure. To cite but a few examples, in collaboration with our various partners, we have measured magneto-transport [2], band structure [3] or phonon dispersion [4] anisotropies of MAX phase single crystals. We also use our crystals for producing MXenes and studying their physical properties. We have just started to investigate new magnetic MAX phases and associated Mxenes within the framework of a European project involving LMGP, Institut Néel, Linköping University (LiU), Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL), Drexel University, and ESRF as main partners [5]. We do not limit ourselves to nano-lamellar carbides, but we have also started to develop activities on nano-lamellar borides.

Permanent staff

Thierry Ouisse (contact)
Laurent Jouffret
Odette Chaix
Eirini Sarigiannidou

Non permanent staff

Damir Pinek (PhD)
Thanasis Gkountaras (PhD)
Maxime Barbier (PhD)
Matteo Angelozzi (PhD)
Youngsoo Kim (Post-Doc)

5 selected publications

[5] Q. Tao et al. Physical Review Materials 2, 114401 (2018)
Rare-Earth (RE) Nanolaminates Mo4RE4Al7C4 Featturing Ferromagnetism and Mixed-Valence States

[4] A. Champagne et al. Materials Research Letters 6, 378 (2018)
Phonon Dispersion Curves in Cr2AlC Single-Crystals

[3] D. Pinek et al. Physical Review B 100, 075144 (2019)
Unified Description of the Electronic Structure of M2AC Nanolamellar Carbides

[2] T. Ouisse et al. Physical Review B 92, 045133 (2015)
Magnetotransport Properties of Nearly-Free Electrons in Two Dimensional Hexagonal Metals and Application to the Mn+1AXn Phases

[1] L. Shi et al. Acta Materialia 83, 304 (2015)
Synthesis of Single Crystals of V2AlC Phase by High-Temperature Solution Growth and Slow Cooling Technique


MORE-MAX (2018-2021, coordinator)
Type: International Strategic Partnership program, IDEX Univ. Grenoble Alpes & ESRF
Title: Probing the magnetism of each chemical element in rare earth-based MAX phases
Partnership: European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF, Grenoble), Université de Linköping (Suède)

MORE-MXènes (2018-2021, coordinator)
Type: FLAG-ERA call, European programm from Flagship Graphene
Title: Magnetically ordered rare earth 2D MXenes
Partnership: Linköping University (Sweden), Institut Néel (Grenoble), Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium)

Chaire of Excellence Program of M. W. Barsoum (2017-2019, coordinator)
Type: Nanosciences Fondation call, Univ. Grenoble Alpes Fondation
Title: Production of MXenes on large surface area from MAX phase single crystals and fabrication of 2D electron devices
Partnership: Drexel University (USA), Institut Néel (Grenoble), CEA-PHELIQS (Grenoble)

National & international collaborations

  • Institut Néel, Grenoble
  • European Synchroton Radiation Facility, Grenoble
  • Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble
  • Institut Pprime, Poitiers
  • Drexel University, USA
  • Linköping University, Sweden
  • Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
  • Nagoya University, Japan

Date of update October 21, 2020

  • Tutelle CNRS
  • Tutelle Grenoble INP
Université Grenoble Alpes