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Publication by José Villafuerte

Published on May 6, 2021
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Communique from May 6, 2021 to July 15, 2021

The article entitled "Engineering nitrogen- and hydrogen-related defects in ZnO nanowires using thermal annealing" has been published in Physical Review Materials.

PRMVillafuerte2021

PRMVillafuerte2021

Here you will find the article by José Villafuerte:
"The chemical bath deposition (CBD) of ZnO nanowires (NWs) is of high interest, but their formation occurs in a growth medium containing many impurities including carbon, nitrogen, and hydrogen, rendering the accurate determination of predominant crystal defects as highly debated. In addition to the typical interstitial hydrogen in bond-centered sites (HBC) and zinc vacancy-hydrogen (VZnnH) complexes, we reveal that nitrogen-related defects play a significant role on the physical properties of unintentionally doped ZnO NWs. We show by density functional theory that the VZnNOH defect complex acts as a deep acceptor with a relatively low formation energy and exhibits a prominent Raman line at 3078cm1 along with a red-orange emission energy of ∼1.82 eV in cathodoluminescence spectroscopy. The nature and concentration of the nitrogen- and hydrogen-related defects are found to be tunable using thermal annealing under oxygen atmosphere, but a rather complex, fine evolution including successive formation and dissociation processes is highlighted as a function of annealing temperature. ZnO NWs annealed at the moderate temperature of 300 °C specifically exhibit one of the smallest free charge carrier densities of 5.6×1017cm3 along with a high mobility of 60cm2/Vs following the analysis of longitudinal optical phonon-plasmon coupling. These findings report a comprehensive diagram showing the complex interplay of each nitrogen- and hydrogen-related defect during thermal annealing and its dependence on annealing temperature. They further reveal that the engineering of the nitrogen- and hydrogen-related defects as the major source of crystal defects in ZnO NWs grown by CBD is capital to precisely control their electronic structure properties governing their electrical and optical properties in any devices."
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Date of update May 6, 2021

Université Grenoble Alpes